Inside research, decimal details try displayed with respect to indicate and you can standard deviation and you may stratified parameters in terms of amounts and proportions. T-shot was used examine the brand new setting and you can logistic regression data was applied to test the fresh independent parameters into the postpartum depression. 05.
step 3. Results
After collecting data, results obtained from 174 pregnant women entered London hookup apps statistical analysis. 23 pregnant women were excluded from the study due to positive results from the Beck test. 9 participants with gestational diabetes mellitus, 2 cases of hypothyroidism, and 5 patients with preterm labor were hospitalized. 9 people did not attend follow-up and did not respond to telephone calls, 1 had a stillbirth, and thus 49 participants were excluded from the study. The mean age of the participants was 25.7 years. 42% of the mothers experienced the first pregnancy. 67.8% of the mothers were scored below 12 in Edinburgh’s postpartum depression scale and 32.2% had a score above 12. After examining the demographic variables between the two depressed and nondepressed groups including mother’s age, education level, job, type of delivery, sex of neonate, number of pregnancies, and father’s education and job, the household income was the only variable that had significant difference in the two groups and it was lower in the depressed mothers (p <0.05) (Table 1).
The information connected with part of the parameters also prepregnancy weights, body mass index, next and you will third trimester gaining weight, and kind and you can full gaining weight during pregnancy were in addition to mathematically assessed. To measure him or her, the new statistical shot out-of logistic regression was applied so there is actually a critical relationship between despair and you can weight gain of the third trimester (Otherwise = step 1.17).
Depending on the quantity recommended by IOM to own normal and you will heavy expectant mothers, weight alter had been split up into step three organizations: useless, sufficient, and you may too much, and its relationship with anxiety is actually investigated of the logistic regression shot which don’t show any significant relationships (Desk dos). Due to the fact earnings is rather some other ranging from depressed and you will nondepressed communities, the relationship anywhere between despair and all lbs parameters are remeasured which have modified aftereffect of income and you can once again only the third trimester lbs acquire had significant experience of despair due to the aftereffect of earnings (Otherwise 1.17, 95%CI 1.04-step one.32) (Dining table step 3).
Due to the fact found in today’s research, you will find zero relationship ranging from 1st pounds and you will initially Bmi since the well due to the fact variety of Bmi (regular otherwise overweight) and you may PPD. Evidence revealed that ladies in gestational period is at the better danger of depression and you may studies have shown a romance ranging from obesity and you may anxiety in expecting and you will nonpregnant female and you may concluded that here was a serving-reaction relationships amongst the rise in number one Bmi while the increased danger of anxiety while pregnant and you will postpartum .
In the present study, 33% of parents which have normal Bmi and you may 29.4% off fat expecting mothers got positive results regarding PPD testing, while the a few organizations didn’t have a big change into the postpartum anxiety.
In line with the findings, LaCoursiere (2006) showed that the brand new prevalence regarding PPD symptoms in females having regular Bmi is twenty two.8 ± step one.2% plus it is 30.8% ± dos.5% in the obese female but in an innovative new investigation, among 245 expecting mothers with typical weight in pregnancy, 7.8% throughout the six-2 months shortly after birth had depression . I hypothesized your far more Bmi at the beginning of pregnancy are, more perhaps the mother is to experience PPD but the info don’t support the theory. Fox and you will Yamaguchi (1997) figured when compared to prepregnancy regular lbs ladies, heavy ladies was indeed expected to provides positive look at regarding their body photo and you may weight gain during pregnancy as well as the cost away from experience PPD try comparable towards a couple teams .